Gum Disease

How Gum Disease Develops

Gum disease typically develops when you don’t have an adequate level of dental hygiene. Failing to thoroughly brush your teeth or maintaining a poor diet and smoking for extended amounts of time are sure-fire ways for this oral disease to form. If you have a family history of gingivitis or if you have diabetes can make you more at risk to develop this condition too. As sad as this is to hear, this is only one side of the issue, if you don’t treat your symptoms promptly your overall problem can get worse.

Listed below are some of the other stages of gum disease.


Commonly referred to as the first stage of gum disease, Gingivitis occurs as a result of your gum tissue becoming infected with plaque buildup. Typical gingivitis symptoms include; gums becoming swollen, unpleasant breath and bleeding while flossing. Damage done to your gums can be reversed at this point and it would be wise for you to seek the treatment you need from a professional like Dr. Amar Katranji.


Failing to treat your gingivitis will then lead to periodontitis. At which point, the fibers and bone that hold your teeth in place will be damaged beyond repair. Also, pockets start to form underneath your gumline allowing trapped plaque and food particles to exacerbating the damage already caused. Flossing and brushing better can help to an extent, but ultimately, you’ll need treatment from one of our periodontists to hinder further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis

If you continue to delay treatment, your issue will then evolve advanced periodontitis. This is considered the last stage of gum disease. The gums supporting your teeth are now permanently destroyed. As a result, your teeth will start to loosen and shift out of position. Tooth loss will soon follow. 

Avoid All This with Our Help

Dr. Katranji has helped numerous people retain their smiles through various treatments. If you notice your gums receding or swollen with redness contact our Ann Arbor, Michigan offices to schedule an appointment with Dr. Katranji.  

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