Gum recession can be brought on by a number of issues, from gum disease to misalignment. By recognizing and treating the cause early on, it is possible to prevent recession and avoid the need for treatment. Patients of Dr. Amar Katranji and Dr. Kelly Misch should be aware of the following causes of gingival recession in Ann Arbor, MI:
• Poor hygiene
• Gum disease
• Misalignment or bruxism
• Tobacco use
Proper hygiene is the cornerstone of good oral health. This means brushing and flossing every day to reduce plaque and bacteria accumulation. Biannual checkups are also recommended to remove deposits of calculus, or tartar, and also to check for signs of gum disease. It should be noted, however, that over aggressive oral hygiene practices are also harmful. Patients who brush too aggressively or with a medium or hard bristled toothbrush risk damaging the gum tissue and causing recession.
Gum disease is the most common cause of gum recession. When bacteria buildup under the gum line, they irritate the tissue and cause it to pull away from the teeth. Eventually, the tissue will begin to wear away and leave larger areas of the teeth exposed.
Misalignment and Bruxism
Functional problems such as bruxism or misalignment can disrupt the natural distribution of bite forces and place uneven amounts of pressure on certain areas which often leads to gum recession. Misaligned teeth are also more difficult to clean and prone to gum disease.
Gum recession is often present in those who use tobacco. Smoking is a secondary risk factor for gum disease, which leads to gum recession. Smokeless tobacco, when placed next to the gum tissue for extended periods of time, also results in recession of the tissues.
Gingival recession is a condition that will not resolve on its own. To learn more about the causes of gingival recession in Ann Arbor, MI, contact Dr. Katranji and Dr. Misch and schedule your consultation today!